The state of Zacatecas (Spanish pronunciation: [sakaˈtekas]), located in the north-central portion of the Mexican Republic, is a land rich in cultural, religious, and historical significance. With over 28,900 square miles, Zacatecas is Mexico's eighth largest state. With a population of 1,441,734 inhabitants, Zacatecas depends upon cattle-raising, agriculture, mining, communications, food processing, tourism, and transportation for its livelihood.
Although much of Zacatecas is desert, the primary economic driver of the state is agriculture. Zacatecas is Mexico's foremost producer of beans, chili peppers, and cactus leaves, and holds second place in guava production, third in grapes, and fifth in peaches.